The decision to begin testing depends on a number of factors. They include your age and your partner’s age, as well as how long you have been trying to get pregnant.

The basic workup of an infertility evaluation can be finished within a few menstrual cycles in most cases. Ask your doctor about the costs involved. Find out whether they are covered by your insurance.

Basic Workup for the Man 
A semen analysis is a key part of the basic workup for a man.

Basic Workup for the Woman 
The workup for a woman begins with a physical exam and health history.

Tests. There are many tests to see if ovulation occurs.

  • Urine test. This test can be done by the woman at home with a kit.
  • Basal body temperature. This test can be done by the woman at home.
  • Other tests may be done, depending on a woman’s risk factors.

 

Procedures. Procedures are used to look at a woman’s reproductive organs. They check if the uterus is normal and the fallopian tubes are open.

  • Hysterosalpingography (HSG). This test is an X-ray that shows the inside of the uterus and fallopian tubes.
  • Transvaginal ultrasound. This test checks the ovaries and uterus by using sound waves to produce pictures of pelvic organs.
  • Hysteroscopy. This procedure lets the doctor look inside the uterus.
  • Laparoscopy. This procedure lets the doctor view the tubes, ovaries, and the outside of the uterus.